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  1. Markw84

    Things I Do

    I don't use proportional in my night houses or enclosures. A basic thermostat like the inkbird, I use mostly, will only have a hystereis of 2° in an insulated nightbox of the "Tom" variety. I do use the oil filled radiator and you can not have that on a proportional as well. You could even...
  2. Markw84

    Things I Do

    I'll bet you find the rheostat will use more electricity than the thermostat if all things are set properly. A constant on heat source dialed to a specific wattage will still draw that wattage even when the temperature rises to the desired minimum requirement. So will overheat a great deal of...
  3. Markw84

    Indoor DBT Burying Itself?

    A lot depends upon your setup and what type fixture can be accomodated. I really like the Arcadia Shade dweller for turtles. A small 12" tube fixture with a 7% T5 UVb tube https://www.reptilebasics.com/t5-light-fixtures/shadedweller-prot5-uvb-kit-12/ I always use basking light/heat over...
  4. Markw84

    Indoor DBT Burying Itself?

    UVB is not that much of a concern with aquatics as they can get so much vit D from their food. IF you feed a good pellet - Mazuri aquatic, Reptomin, etc. there will be plenty of vit D. The UVA is a consideration though for Keeping your turtle thinking its summer. The bulb you have should...
  5. Markw84

    Indoor DBT Burying Itself?

    What type and brand of UVB? I use Arcadia T5 and have mine running for over 2 and even 3 years with still good UVI readings. I do only have them on 4-5 hour per day, however. A solarmeter is really the only way to tell if they need replacing. For the aspect of inducing summer-like behavior...
  6. Markw84

    Indoor DBT Burying Itself?

    That is behavior that is indicative of brumation. Diamond back terrapins will often dig into the sand or soil and brumate there above high water mark. Many aquatics will brumate underwater, but I've seen many Diamondbacks choose to dig in instead. Although water temperature is high, it is...
  7. Markw84

    River Cane/North American Bamboo

    Got busy before I finished my post so: However, Arundinaria Gigantea is used as a feed for cattle in many northern states as it is very cold hardy and grows fast. 15% protein makes it a good possible food for tortoises. So if careful to chop up, it could be a part of a varied diet. However...
  8. Markw84

    River Cane/North American Bamboo

    I will not give access to bamboo to my tortoises. We have seen some impaction problems with Galapagos eating bamboo. The extremely long undigestible fibers create the problem. They don't chop it up when eating but suck long leaves in. Undigested fiber strands that long are a real problem.
  9. Markw84

    Donald Today

    I read a paper on surveying sulcata numbers in the wild. In all their efforts, they resorted to relying heavily on collectors that lived in the area and familiar with hunting sulcatas. They said they would only try to count sulcata numbers in one month of the year - August when full monsoon...
  10. Markw84

    Male or female? 3yrs old!

    OK. This is interesting. That is a 16" sulcata. By all external characteristics this is female. Flat plastron. Outward supracaudal. No gular projection at all. Anals rounding and pointing inward. EXTREMELY small tail (look at picture flashing! Absolutely looks female except for the...
  11. Markw84

    Male or female? 3yrs old!

    Agree, that's why it would be important to know the size.
  12. Markw84

    Male or female? 3yrs old!

    How big is your tortoise? Inches and pounds? Looks very much like a female to me. If it is over 16 lbs / 16" it is definitely a female. (Females can flash their much smaller parts too!)
  13. Markw84

    (Clemmys guttata) Male or female? At what age or size is it 100% ?

    It is a bit small to be sure, but as @zovick mentions, it is looking female. But most do at this size. by next year if it is male a dark face will develop. By 3" ( 77mm), You sometimes can get the black face, but not always. By 8.5cm you should be able to tell for sure. Yours is young as...
  14. Markw84

    Is this normal shell growth?

    Karen, Your tortoise has an interesting scute pattern. As @Yvonne G mentions - an abnormal pattern. Normal pattern is 5 vertebral scutes and 4 costal scutes on each side. Your tortoise was born with 4 vertebral scutes and what appears to be a very small area where the missing 4th vertebral...
  15. Markw84

    Hikari Mulberific Delite (Mulberry pellets)

    Well... I was thinking of trying 22 lb bag shown on Hikari site. This looked like a great possible staple amendment to the diet of my tortoises. BUT... if 8.8 lbs is over $200, I think this is not an option!!!!
  16. Markw84

    Please Help!! My tortoise is screaming of pain

    I agree. The only thing I have seen where a tortoise will actually do that "scream" - is a stone they cannot pass. Go to a vet and have an x-ray done to see if there is a large stone it cannot pass.
  17. Markw84

    Hikari Mulberific Delite (Mulberry pellets)

    I'm interested in checking this out more. Where did you buy? The website Hikari and the link you provide shows no options to purchase. Thanks!
  18. Markw84

    Is this true?

    Yes, this is indeed true and the subject of lots of ongoing research. Painted turtles are the most studied and apparently the most equipped for this. They can freeze solid and then thaw when weather warms and be totally unharmed. Lot of scientific stuff to explain, but their bodies have the...
  19. Markw84

    Not sure if I answered you in an email. In case I have not - I do have many baby Burmese Stars...

    Not sure if I answered you in an email. In case I have not - I do have many baby Burmese Stars available now. ... IF you are still looking!
  20. Markw84

    Thank you!

    Thank you!
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