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  1. Markw84

    Over Weight Sulcata

    disagree with @Tom on this one. I've been using Rep Cal for over 35 years now. In the early 90's I did a study with them providing the food raising sulcatas with one group on their food as 90% of their diet the first year. They did great and were my strongest, biggest group. I still had one...
  2. Markw84

    Fi Nano Microchip

    I think you have answered your own question with the videos you found. It is quite easy and the tortoises seem almost oblivious to the process. I've done lots and never had one even bleed at the site when injected. Betadine liberally used to clean the site. I turn mine upside-down to do the...
  3. Markw84

    Need recommendations for Indian star hatchling

    Yes, their PVC enclosure is a good choice for starting a baby star. Be sure to now get the lighting and heating correct. Use a good substrate that holds moisture well and add lots of plants. Baby stars do much better when given plants to hide beneath. Never below 80° temperature in the...
  4. Markw84

    Bruminating Painted turtle health scare

    @Paschendale52 I use diluted betadine in a bath that is made to be tea colored. Immerse the whole turtle in it for 20 minutes or so. That is for a skin fungus. But it appears your turtle looks good now and I see no signs of what a fungus would look like. It would not simply wash off so easily.
  5. Markw84

    Uva bulb holder broke

    unfortunately, Yes. It appears there is no LED UV bulb on the market that has figured this out yet. The guy at VivaTek told me he was aware and they are working on it - and that was about 6 mos ago. Have not heard anything from ZooMed. I doubt we are going to do much harm with these bulbs...
  6. Markw84

    Bruminating Painted turtle health scare

    Not sure what those spots are. The first picture is not in focus so hard to see. Perhaps a skin fungus? The fact that you found the turtle upside down indicates something wrong. An overly lethargic turtle making a futile attempt to swim to the surface is normally what ends up that way. I...
  7. Markw84

    Uva bulb holder broke

    Correct. I am currently holding off on using them until I see more addressing this issue by the manufacturers.
  8. Markw84

    Can I buy a Diamondback Terrapin ?

    I have absolutely no experience with that. I do not know.
  9. Markw84

    Uva bulb holder broke

    Although I am a big Arcadia fan, the amount of UVA these incandescent bulbs produce is miniscule. Just barely some 390nm wavelenghts and above. The UV tortoise see and benefit from extends well below that level. Additionally, I would not recommend using the spot bulb. Arcadia also makes a...
  10. Markw84

    Uva bulb holder broke

    Only bulbs made specifically to produce UV. LEDs produce very specific wavelengths. To get a natural looking light they have to mix several different diodes to create the overlap that looks to us as a fuller spectrum. They have to add very special and more expensive diodes made to produce UV...
  11. Markw84

    Can I buy a Diamondback Terrapin ?

    I have no idea of you can get one in Panama. They are fairly well restricted in the US, but still available except in some native states. They are a brackish water species with fairly specialized diets. IF you do get one, please be sure you keep it in a brackish water environment. I know...
  12. Markw84

    Uva bulb holder broke

    You have never show us what you mean by UVA bulb. Can you please post the brand of the bulb? MVB, halide, incandescent, LED????
  13. Markw84

    Uva bulb holder broke

    Incandescent bulbs emit virtually no UVA at all. You do need a specialty bulb to get useful UVA and UVB for your tortoise. Currently, only long tube fluorescent are all I would trust for that. UVA is a very important part of good lighting for tortoises. It directly contributes to health and...
  14. Markw84

    The Best Way To Raise A Sulcata, Leopard, Or Star Tortoise

    Colin ( @yaycolin ) Lives down in your area and is selling a double enclosure he bought from me = A 48x36 complete plus the 48x36 expansion unit to make a 96x36 enclosure. You could get one right away and I'm sure for a substantially discounted price. Message him here on the forum
  15. Markw84

    West Coast Weather

    We've had 2 power outages so far. One while I was away at the Pomona Reptile show and I had to drive home early and Tom and Will had to cover the show for me and Tom took all my show stuff home with him. I had to buy 2 generators in the LA area when stores opened Sunday morning and drive home...
  16. Markw84

    Building my own closed chamber

    Stop by our booth at the show in Pomona this weekend so we can discuss your questions. Too much to type right now as I am trying to pack to get on the road for the show. See you this weekend
  17. Markw84

    I personally believe tortoises need quite little UVB as far as direct exposure. I'm sure your...

    I personally believe tortoises need quite little UVB as far as direct exposure. I'm sure your tortoise is fine. Will - Kapidolo Farms - raises all his with no UVB at all - just dietary vit D. A 6% bulb at 20" is probably giving a 1.5 UVI reading. That would be plenty for 12 hours a day as...
  18. Markw84

    Available sulcata tortoise for Adoption

    Looks like a male to me. Do you have pictures of the underside showing tail and anal scutes?
  19. Markw84

    I use the 12% and they are all set at about 20" above shell height. A 6% would have to be...

    I use the 12% and they are all set at about 20" above shell height. A 6% would have to be closer. That is assuming you are using the Pro T5 Kit so have the arcadia reflector on the fixture with the bulb.
  20. Markw84

    Karen; Hard to say without a meter. How long is the UV on each day? If 12 hours per day, it...

    Karen; Hard to say without a meter. How long is the UV on each day? If 12 hours per day, it may be time to change the bulb to be safe. I use mine for 4-5 hours per day in use for 3 years still giving the same UV reading. I use the Arcadia T5 bulbs. So that is a consideration. My guess...
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