just saw the pictures. get rid of the coil bulb in the last pictures. it's burning your tortoise's eyes right now, which causes it to not eat.
is the bulb next to your coil/cfl bulb a bulb that provides uvb and heat?
i'd replace it with an incandescent floodlight (65w). because you don't know...
humidity is important
you should definitely get a grow tent for them, its only 90-120 dollars for a pretty big grow tent
just flip it on it's side, lay a tarp inside/outside, and hang the lights.
you can also buy an enclosure from @Markw84 :)
best to separate them ASAP
1. russian tortoise
2. a tiny bit sure it's female..? not 100% sure so don't expect me to be right 🤣
3. a 65 incandescent bulb will be fine, you should take him outside for uvb for a few hours a week, unless you'd like to invest in a uvb strip light
an arcadia t5 uvb strip light/bulb is great...
vitamin shots are terrible.
the uv bulb you use is probably a cfl bulb. not good for their eyes.
remove the bulb ASAP.
he won't exactly eat the carrot food, just continue the baby food soaks for now.
40 gallon tanks are also way too small for a RT that size.
most vets know close to nothing about...
" Just keep in mind that coffee fruit contains caffeine. Although the exact amount varies based on the specific product, dosage, and form, most products contain around 5–20 mg of caffeine per serving"
might not help but just thought you should know 🤷♀️
those are urates
soak him daily, itll help with the hair
you should feed him watery foods (cactus, aloe, lettuce, cucumber) for a while to get the hair out faster
watery foods tend to have a laxative effect on tortoises
like karen said, clamps could be very dangerous
you might be better off using a little light stand over the enclosure
assuming youre using a tortoise table, is there any way to cover up the enclosure? a simple greenhouse would...
i just ignore any spring tails. phorid flies are the ones that annoy me the most because they fly
spring tails are great because theyll eat old food and poop, i still spot clean daily
i use this kind:
coco coir is great if your...
you CAN bake it, if you want to get rid of springtails
you shouldn't get mites from the substrate..?
any tiny white bugs in the substrate are springtails, theyre completely harmless.
i also have phorid flies, super annoying
but i put yellow sticky fly traps inside my tortoise's enclosure
you might wanna buy some new substrate.
i see hay in there which will mold if there's too much humidity.
you should buy orchid bark or coco coir
some more plants and a humid hide would be great too.
you can use a plastic box and cut a hole into it so that your tortoise will fit inside.
looks pretty good
you will have to update the size once your tortoises get bigger.
you can also get one from @Markw84 or animal plastics
since you have two tortoises, it's best to have two seperate enclosures