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New Elongata:) (Pics)

Discussion in 'Elongated and Forsten's tortoises' started by KevinGG, Sep 19, 2017.

  1. MichaelaW

    MichaelaW Well-Known Member

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    Glad to hear!
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  2. no one

    no one Guest

    They know what is good for them. That's nice...
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  3. KevinGG

    KevinGG Well-Known Member 5 Year Member

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    We had another weigh in today. They’ve each grown about 20 grams since I received them.

    IMG_1500.jpg

    IMG_1502.jpg

    IMG_1507.jpg

    And then they got a big dinner: Mazuri, nasturtium flowers, squash leaves, oyster mushrooms, and dried mealworms.

    IMG_1513.jpg

    IMG_1520.jpg
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  4. no one

    no one Guest

    They sure look like happy little torts!! Nice...
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  5. KevinGG

    KevinGG Well-Known Member 5 Year Member

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    Thank you:)
  6. BucktownExotics

    BucktownExotics New Member

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    Gorgeous babies! Love their set up too! :<3:
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  7. KevinGG

    KevinGG Well-Known Member 5 Year Member

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    Thanks!
  8. no one

    no one Guest

    How are your Elongata's Kevin?

    And does your tank has a cover or lid? Thanks...
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  9. KevinGG

    KevinGG Well-Known Member 5 Year Member

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    They’re doing great. They move around a lot. Either a climb, a soak or a nibble on pothos.

    My tank does have a plastic covering over the top. It is a closed chamber. This way my humidity can stay very high and temperatures can stay constant.
  10. KevinGG

    KevinGG Well-Known Member 5 Year Member

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    IMG_2459.jpg
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  11. cdmay

    cdmay Well-Known Member 10 Year Member!

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    Nice work Kevin.
    You’re pushing my yellow-head buttons! They do very well down here too...
  12. ColaCarbonaria

    ColaCarbonaria Active Member

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    Very cool Kevin! Are they copasetic or are you seeing any of the the aggression y’all were talking about in @MichaelaW forsten thread?
  13. KevinGG

    KevinGG Well-Known Member 5 Year Member

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    They’re getting along great. Have seen only very little aggression during feeding. They eat a ton!
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  14. KevinGG

    KevinGG Well-Known Member 5 Year Member

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  15. MichaelaW

    MichaelaW Well-Known Member

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  16. KevinGG

    KevinGG Well-Known Member 5 Year Member

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    ...
    Last edited: Jan 18, 2018
  17. KevinGG

    KevinGG Well-Known Member 5 Year Member

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    Tonight’s dinner is plain old oyster mushrooms:

    IMG_1313.jpg
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  18. KevinGG

    KevinGG Well-Known Member 5 Year Member

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    Gave the little guys a little cleaning today. Still muddy though... IMG_3347.jpg
    IMG_1516593500.244894.jpg
  19. KevinGG

    KevinGG Well-Known Member 5 Year Member

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    Cool article:
    https://www.researchgate.net/public...rtoise_Yellow-headed_Tortoise_Yellow_Tortoise

    Interesting Bits:

    Elongated Tortoises have been reported to occur in a
    variety of forest types, including open deciduous dipterocarp,
    mountainous and hilly evergreen, mixed semi-evergreen,
    bamboo, pine, and secondary forests; as well as savannah
    grasslands and dry thorn scrub (Taylor 1970; Inger and
    Colwell 1977; Ernst and Barbour 1989; Moll 1989;
    Thirakhupt and van Dijk 1995; van Dijk 1998; Zug et al.
    1998; Cox et al. 1998; Senneke 2000; Stuart et al. 2001;
    Ziegler 2002; Grismer et al. 2007; Das 2010; Wangyal et al.
    2012; Hartmann et al. 2013; Platt et al. 2013; Som and Cottet
    2016; Fig. 8). In India and Nepal, I. elongata is typically
    associated with sal forests (dominated by the tree species
    Shorea robusta; Smith 1931). The species is mostly found
    in deciduous forests with monsoonal climate in Thailand
    (van Dijk 1998).

    Open-canopied habitats of I. elongata can become very
    hot during the day (Smith 1931; Das 1985; Tikader and
    Sharma 1985). Swindells and Brown (1964) reported that
    the species is able to endure air temperatures up to 48°C.
    According to Das (1985) and Eberling (2001), I. elongata
    salivates on its head and front limbs for cooling when exposed
    to high temperatures. However, Elongated Tortoises seem to
    avoid temperature extremes when possible through daily and
    seasonal activity patterns. Indotestudo elongata is primarily
    crepuscular with a bimodal daily activity pattern; activity is
    mainly restricted to the early morning and the late evening
    (Senneke 2000; Ihlow, unpubl. data). In Cambodia, tortoises
    became active in the morning around 0500 hrs and continued
    until 0800, while evening activity started around 1600 and
    ended around 2000 hrs, depending on weather conditions
    (Ihlow, unpubl. data). Although van Dijk (1998) reported
    I. elongata to exhibit no well-dened activity pattern in
    Thailand, increased activity in the early morning and the
    late afternoon was noted. Daytime activity of tortoises was
    mostly restricted to cloudy and rainy weather in Thailand
    and Cambodia (van Dijk 1998; Ihlow, unpubl. data). In Laos,
    Elongated Tortoises were found to inhabit rather cold areas
    with minimum ambient temperatures of 2.2°C, maximum
    ambient temperatures not exceeding 26°C, and constant
    humidity values around 100% (Som and Cottet 2016).
    Basking behavior appears to be infrequent in this species. In
    Cambodia, basking was observed only a few times on cold
    mornings between November and January (Ihlow, unpubl.
    data). Basking of female tortoises in Thailand was observed
    in September and was likely related to egg production (van
    Dijk 1998). For periods of inactivity, tortoises seek retreats. In
    Thailand, tortoises rested in vegetation, alongside fallen
    tree trunks, in boulder caves, in a porcupine burrow, and
    inside a hollow Lagerstroemia tree trunk, but they showed
    a preference for resting places in dense grasses and along
    fallen tree trunks (van Dijk 1998). In an evergreen forest
    habitat in Laos, Elongated Tortoises were observed under
    branches of bamboo and other dense bushes beneath pine
    trees, beside fallen tree trunks, and in thick grasses (Som
    and Cottet 2016). There are few reports on the behavior of
    young tortoises in the wild, but a juvenile in Myanmar was
    found hiding alongside a termite mound at midday (Zug et
    al. 1998). The species is less active and appears to aestivate
    during the dry season (Bourret 1941; Biswas et al. 1978; van
    Dijk 1998; Ihlow et al. 2014; Som and Cottet 2016). Retreat
    sites vary seasonally in northern Cambodia; tortoises rested
    in dense vegetation during the rainy season but selected
    former burrows of other animals, which offer more shelter
    and stable climatic conditions, during the dry season (Ihlow,
    pers. obs.). Similarly, Elongated Tortoises in Bangladesh
    favored leaf litter retreats during the monsoon, but they
    chose abandoned porcupine burrows more often in the dry
    autumn season. Tortoises hid in bush/thickets during both
    seasons in Bangladesh (Rahman et al. 2014). According to
    hunters in Myanmar, tortoises move into vegetation along
    streambeds or under accumulated leaves in ravines during
    the dry season. Although surface water is absent during this
    time, these areas retain relatively mesic micro-habitats (Platt
    et al. 2001).

    Indotestudo elongata is sympatric with the Burmese
    Star Tortoise (Geochelone platynota) in central Myanmar.
    While little is known about the ecological relationship
    between these species, habitat partitioning does not appear
    to occur. Both species exist in the same general area and
    similar micro-habitats (Platt et al. 2001). The distributions
    of two additional tortoise species, the Impressed Tortoise
    (Manouria impressa) and Asian Giant Tortoise (Manouria
    emys), overlap with portions of the range of I. elongata, but
    the species do not share the same habitat types (de Bruin 1998;
    Stanford et al. 2015). In western Myanmar, I. elongata and
    the Arakan Forest Turtle (Heosemys depressa), a terrestrial
    geoemydid, are found within the same overall habitat (Platt
    et al. 2010a).

    The Elongated Tortoise is an omnivorous generalist
    (Ihlow et al. 2012; Sriprateep et al. 2013) and its diet seems
    to vary according to availability by habitat and season (Ihlow
    et al. 2012). For example, numerous authors have remarked
    that I. elongata is highly frugivorous (Bourret 1941; Pritchard
    1979; Das 1985; Tikader and Sharma 1985). However, Ihlow
    (pers. obs.) found fruits to be nearly unavailable and of
    little importance in the diet of tortoises in open dipterocarp
    forest in northern Cambodia. Van Dijk (1998) reported that
    I. elongata in western Thailand ate primarily herbaceous
    leaves, fruits, and mushrooms. In areas where Elongated
    Tortoises do consume a variety of fruits, they may play a
    role in the dispersal of plant seeds (van Dijk 1998). Based
    on the food preferences of captive animals, Biswas et al.
    (1978) suggested that the fallen owers of Shorea robusta
    were eaten by wild tortoises. One scat from a wild I. elongata
    in Myanmar consisted primarily of grass (Platt et al. 2001).
    Plant species conrmed to be eaten by wild Elongated
    Tortoises include: Amaranthus lividus, Basella rubra,
    Chromolaena odorata, Coccinia grandis, Crytococcum
    accrescens, Cyanotis cristata, Cypreus spp., Dillenia spp.,
    Ficus racemosa, Gomphrena celosioides, Ruellia tuberosa,
    Sida acuta, and Sida subcordata (van Dijk 1998; Sriprateep et
    al. 2013; Ihlow, pers. obs.). Statements from tortoise hunters
    in Myanmar suggest that additional plants consumed by I.
    elongata include: Allium spp., Dolichandrone spathacea,
    Millettia brandisiana, Markhamia stipulata, and Olax
    scandens (Platt et al. 2001). Fungi, particularly the fruiting
    bodies of mushrooms (e.g., Termitomyces, Russula), are
    readily eaten when available (Thirakhupt and van Dijk 1995;
    Manthey and Grossmann 1997; van Dijk 1998; Platt et al.
    2001; Ihlow et al. 2012). Indotestudo elongata also frequently
    consumes animal material and has been observed preying
    upon earthworms, slugs, and thin-shelled terrestrial snails
    (e.g., Quantula striata, Hemiplecta distincta; Nutaphand
    1979; Manthey and Grossmann 1997; Ihlow et al. 2012;
    Sriprateep et al. 2013). Indotestudo elongata has also been
    documented to scavenge carrion, such as the carcass of a
    snake (Oligodon albocinctus; Som, pers. obs.; Fig. 9) and
    the heavily decomposed skull of a civet (Viverra cf. zibetha;
    Ihlow et al. 2012). The species will also eat the excrement
    of other animals (van Dijk 1998; Sriprateep et al. 2013).
    The remains of insects and crabs have been found in the
    feces of I. elongata (van Dijk 1998; Ihlow et al. 2012).
    Juveniles have been observed to feed on ants (Ihlow, pers.
    obs.). Van Dijk (1998) also found sand and soil in the feces
    of I. elongata; in some cases, the volume of soil seemed to
    indicate that the material had been intentionally ingested.
    Hunters in Myanmar noted that tortoises consume eggshells
    from the hatched nests of the Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus;
    Platt et al. 2001). Distinctive patterns of seasonal changes in
    body mass have been observed in Cambodia and Thailand
    (van Dijk 1998; Ihlow 2012), most likely due to seasonal
    availability of food and drinking water. Tortoises were found
    to increase in mass during the rainy season and slowly lose
    mass during the dry season.
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  20. KevinGG

    KevinGG Well-Known Member 5 Year Member

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    Sorry for the poetic typing style. It was copied and pasted.

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